U.S. Department of Energy

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Uterine deletion of Trp53 compromises antioxidant responses in the mouse decidua.

TitleUterine deletion of Trp53 compromises antioxidant responses in the mouse decidua.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsBurnum K.E, Hirota Y., Baker ES, Yoshie M., Ibrahim YM, Monroe ME, Anderson GA, Smith RD, Daikoku T., Dey S.K
JournalEndocrinology
Abstract

Preterm birth is a global health issue impacting millions of mothers and babies. However, the etiology of preterm birth is not clearly understood. Our recent finding that premature decidual senescence with terminal differentiation is a cause of preterm birth in mice with uterine Trp53 deletion, encoding p53 protein, led us to explore other potential factors that are related to preterm birth. Using proteomics approaches, here, we show that 183 candidate proteins show significant changes in deciduae with Trp53 deletion as compared with normal deciduae. Functional categorization of these proteins unveiled new pathways that are influenced by p53. In particular, down-regulation of a cluster of antioxidant enzymes in p53-deficient deciduae suggests that increased oxidative stress could be one cause of preterm birth in mice harboring uterine deletion of Trp53.

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